What you need to know before disassembling the laptop

Plan your laptop upgrade? This process is not the most difficult, however there are several things you need to know before disassembling and updating computer components.

Most often, laptop users are updated in their devices RAM or drive. These are the most popular options, however there are several more changes that can be made to your device.

Nevertheless, before making a computer, you need to know several important things that we will talk about just below.

What can I upgrade in a laptop?

Before proceeding directly to the disassembly of the laptop, think about it, why do you update it. The following changes can be made potentially:

  • Replacing the display.
  • New Planck RAM.
  • Replacing the keyboard.
  • New optical drive (CD / DVD / Blu-Ray).
  • New drive (most often HDD replace SSD ).
  • ​​
  • New cooling cooler for housing or processor.

Nevertheless, you cannot (in most cases) replace motherboard or processor. When performing any operation from the list above it is important to find suitable components. Otherwise, it is better to buy a completely new laptop.

How to disassemble the laptop

The notebook update is an absolutely normal phenomenon (and common) if you have suitable components. But it is necessary to consider the following points:

Always disconnect the laptop from the network

before It is necessary to start disassembling a laptop, you must definitely turn it off from the power supply.

If the device is powered, it represents a high security threat. Not only that the device itself may be damaged, it is also a high probability of getting a blow.

Remove the battery

In addition to disconnecting from the network, when disassembling a laptop, you should also extract battery.

Old laptop models are equipped with removable batteries, which can be removed in a few seconds using special latches, however, in newer devices, the battery is notable, and it can be removed only when opening the case (This must be done first).

Be the most accurate and do not scratch the laptop

If you plan to replace the internal components of the laptop, there is a big risk to scratch the case. Most often, the process of computer disassembly will be held on the table, so small scratches may remain on the housing (from dust, sand, salt, etc.).

To protect the laptop, put a towel or any other soft fabric to the workplace - this will prevent the appearance of scratches.

Static Electricity

Next, which should be remembered - this Static electricity because it can harm the internal components of the laptop. From the display to the motherboard and processor: nothing is insured from static electricity.

Although modern laptops are more resistant to static electricity compared to old, caution should be taken. The best way to do is use an antistatic grounding bracelet.

Ensure the compatibility of iron

before installing any new components, it is important to make sure that they are compatible with a laptop.

This must be done before buying a RAM or drive. You can check compatibility using various online tools. Special attention should be paid to the RAM, since different generations are equipped with special connectors (in contrast to the same SSD drive that uses a standardized connector).

Presence of compartments

Some models of laptops are equipped with special compartments, opening that can be easily inserted A new drive or RAM (they are marked with relevant names).

Thus, be sure to check the housing of its laptop for such slots. Otherwise, you will have to fully disassemble the device, i.e. Unscrew all the screws and open plastic latches. This process is quite laborious.


In addition, access to the internal components of the laptop can be obtained through the keyboard. Some models allow you to shoot it to insert a new RAM bar or drive. This is extremely rare on new laptops. The removable keyboard can be frequent on the devices of the old sample.

The presence of the correct tools

If on the bottom cover of your laptop there are special compartments (or It is equipped with a removable keyboard), allowing to replace the components without complete disassembly of the device, the process of the upgrade will not be difficult - you need to unscrew only a few bolts.

Otherwise, you will have to disassemble the laptop. To do this, you will need:

  • Cross and star screwdriver.
  • Plastic card (for example, an old credit card) or a mediator.
  • Plastic pliers / tweezers.

The process itself is quite simple. It is only necessary to show maximum caution:

  • Unscrew all the screws.
  • Gradually separate the housing from the laptop using a mediator or card.
  • Use pliers or tweezers to disconnect all cables that prevent the full opening of the device.

Please note that in the disassembly process it is very important to do notes (write or photograph to the phone). This will help to successfully collect a laptop after completing all operations. Screws should be safe, for example, in a small box, not to lose.

In case you can't do something, youTube has a huge number of video lessons on disassembling laptops.

Frequent disassembly of the laptop can harm the housing

Screws of laptops are attached to special blue glue, called Fixer thread. It is needed to ensure that the screws are not turned away during operation and transporting the laptop.

There are other types of clamps. For example, a red glue cannot be unscrewed without damage.

In most laptops, a blue retainer is used. Yes, such screws can be unscrewed, however, the frequent opening of the case will certainly harm him. The fact is that over time glue weakens, and the thread installed on the opposite side of the body can also lose its properties.

Thus, there is a risk of "self-examination" of threaded compounds. That is why try to open your laptop as much as possible.


After replacing all the components, you need to assemble the laptop back, however, for this more than just screws are required. The plastic latches and hooks must be aligned and gently pressed into place. If done incorrectly, the screws will not align with the threads and you will not be able to assemble the laptop.

Assembly is a process that requires patience. Carefully align all the latches and hooks and press them down. Start tightening the screws only after making sure that the case fits snugly against the rest of the device.


If you are upgrading your laptop components, care must be taken at every step, from the precautions associated with static electricity, until the compatibility of the elements and the integrity of the case.

It is very important to make sure that everything is done clearly and correctly, and in this case the laptop will certainly work better than before!

Remember: being careless and causing damage to the internal components of the computer will only mean one thing - buying a new laptop.