Despite the development of technologies, Mirror cameras and smartphone cameras are still not able to make perfect pictures in poor light conditions. And so far the equipment can affect this.
When it comes to shooting in the dark, to get the perfect photography, it is not enough just to catch an object into focus and press the shutter button. Today we will tell you how to make a high-quality shot at night. To do this, we have prepared 10 main councils.
- 1 Disconnect the built-in flash
- 2 Adjust the exposure
- 3 Use a tripod
- 4 Use the control panel
- 5 Take pictures in the format RAW
- 6 do not rush and experiment
- 7 Use bracketing and HDR
- 8 Ensure that there is enough light to fall on the object
- 9 Adjust the white balance
- 10 Select the place of shooting with the mind
Disconnect the built-in flash
Many newbies, Faced with shooting in poor light conditions, immediately turn on the flash. However, this is the last to seek help. Turning the flash built into the camera or smartphone, you are practically guaranteed to spoil the photo due to improper exposure.
The flash highlights those objects that the light will be the first. That is why in conditions of bad illumination it is better not to use it. This is especially important in cases where you need to capture some specific object details or the composition is simply important.
Configure the exposure
Try to manually configure the exposure. In poor illumination conditions, it is better not to rely on automatic camera settings, and set the values of all parameters (ISO, exposure time, etc.) yourself. They should be controlled depending on the number of light sources and shooting purposes.
Use a tripod
for night shooting requires a longer exposure, so for better quality The final image must be used by the tripod. If the camera will not stand in the process of receiving the photo, the image will be blurred and distorted.
With the help of a tripod, you can adjust the angle of inclination and even the height of the chamber. It is much more convenient than the usual support on a flat surface (wall or table). Today, you can find and portable tripods that will increase the quality of the pictures and do not take a lot of space in the bag.
Use the control panel
during the shooting process, the camera should remain stationary for a long time. Even the slightest touch to the screen of the smartphone or to the shutter button can be enough to distort the photo. To avoid such problems, use the timer or remote control.
Such devices are controlled by a shutter using special software. Therefore, pressing the button can not be able to disturb the camera and distort the snapshot.
Take pictures in the format RAW
take pictures in format Raw not only on mirror digital cameras, but also the last Smartphones models. This format is especially useful to use for night shots, as it contains all image data.
And when it comes to night shooting, even the slightest details have the value. Including for subsequent editing. If you make photos in JPEG or any other compressed format, then irrevocably lose a large number of important data. All this will negatively affect postposting pictures. Use RAW instead of JPEG if you want to reveal the entire potential of your camera.
Do not rush and experiment
is extremely unlikely that the first time you will succeed Good night shot. That is why they are not in a hurry and experiment with various settings, in order to understand what parameters are best suited specifically for this setting.
Adjust ISO, shutter speed and diaphragm size, and then evaluate the resulting shot. Try to change some options and compare the received photos. So you will immediately understand what works, and what is not. This will help achieve a better result.
Use bracketing and HDR
, depending on the purpose of the shooting, it is extremely difficult to achieve proper exposure in different parts of the picture. Especially if you are trying to take a picture of the object, the details of which are at different distances from the camera (for example, removable stones when shooting a landscape).
To achieve an ideal balance at the night shot, you may need bracketing. This is a combination of several pictures with different exposure. It can be done manually or automatically (simply including HDR ).
By making several images with a different exposure, and then aligning them into a single photo using any a photo editor, you can achieve for the final image of the desired result, with the correct exposure.
Ensure that there is enough light to the object
If you do not set you The goal of shooting a silhouette, then be sure to make sure that the desired object is sufficiently lit compared to the background environment. In general, this is a fairly obvious advice. But when working with night scenes, even the minimum light source in the background can lead to shading of the main object.
It is especially important for this to follow the photos of objects near the brightly lit streets and residential buildings. In this case, it is necessary to make sure that the object is located in the right way and benefits from the surrounding lighting. If this does not work, it will have to take advantage of the additional light source.
Adjust the white balance
with regard to lighting, then there are nuances. Especially when we are talking about artificial light. Since with night shooting it can be the only source of lighting, then most likely, you will have to adjust the white balance.
Depending on the light source, the color scheme may seem too warm or cold. Therefore, you need to understand in advance what result you want to achieve, and then adjust the white balance.
Sometimes a warm tint, penetrating the building from the street, can give a snapshot of the unusualness of what is happening. But if your main goal is to achieve a more neutral tone, or you just strive for the cold color scheme, then configuring the white balance you compensate for this difference.
Select the place of shooting with the mind
If your goal is to photograph strictly defined objects or Landscapes, then decide in advance with the place of shooting. After all, one shooting day can take several hours. And you probably do not want to prevent someone in the process.
Also, do not forget about security if you do not want in the process someone tried to harm you or your equipment. Be sure to inspect your estimated shooting area before you go there. For work in some territories, additional permission for shooting or staying at night is required. It will not be superfluous to take a colleague-photographer or just a friend who could inspire you in case of any unexpected situations.
These guidelines should be followed even if you don't plan to spend too much time shooting. It is important that nothing distracts you during work and that you do not have to take photos in a hurry. After all, then you will have time to experiment, you can play with different angles and composition.
In general, you don't need an expensive camera or any special equipment for night shooting. By following these guidelines, which we described above, you will definitely notice a difference in the pictures when you work at night.