Attempts to take pictures on the phone at night often lead to a series of unsuccessful frames, which then one after one goes to the basket.
At first, nothing but disappointment does not cause such a hobby. Photos are not suitable anywhere. They are too dark, then grainy. Mobile chambers tend to increase the shutter speed to compensate for the lack of illumination by long exposure to the matrix. Hence another common problem of night shooting - blur.
But we also know that you can make beautiful frames today at any time of the day. So do not try to attempt to curb the night shooting. It is better to adhere to seven tips that will help control the chamber and achieve a good result.
Turn on the night mode in the settings
Night survey attracts many photographers, even beginners. And where demand is there and supply. Today, almost all smartphones have a mode designed specifically for dark time. Google, it is called Night Sight, Samsung - Bright Night, at Huawei - Night Mode, at OnePlus - Nightscape.
If this function is present in your phone, be sure to use it when you take pictures with poor lighting. It works in the same way as the HDR mode - makes a series of images with different settings of the exposure, and then combines them, achieving good detail in light, and in dark areas of the frame.
Add artificial light
Almost all mobile photography experts are recommended to abandon flash, explaining that it Creates sharp glare and kills the detail in the dark areas. And there is. But the truth is also that the flash is the easiest and most affordable way to illuminate the scene, if there are no other lighting. In general, experiment. In any case, the flash will be visible much more than without it.
A more professional approach is to purchase a small LED panel for photography (you can with a diffuser). It is inexpensive, light from it is softer and natural compared to the telephone flash.
External lighting makes it possible to show fantasy. You no longer have to keep the phone strictly on the tripod, afraid to breathe on him so that he does not move to the lacaround. You can get around the object of shooting or even play with a light source, having it at different angles.
Manual mode - your best friend
In automatic mode, the camera itself selects the exposure. For the most part, it makes her job well, but only with good lighting. Night and twilight - the conditions are much more difficult. The camera no longer understands what you want to shoot, and twists the settings at random. A good result in this mode is just luck.
One way to improve low light photos is to switch to manual mode to have full control over shooting settings. It is important to understand which parameters to touch and which to leave alone.
The three main settings in manual mode are aperture, ISO, and shutter speed. They form the so-called exposure triangle.
If there is not enough light, you need to play with the little light available to properly expose the image. This can be achieved by increasing the ISO sensitivity or by slowing the shutter speed. Or both at once. In some phones, you can also adjust the aperture setting. At night, it should be open to the maximum.
The challenge is to find a balance between the settings. If you are photographing a stationary subject, you can keep the shutter open for a few seconds. But before that, it is necessary to ensure the smartphone is in a fixed position on a tripod or with the help of improvised items. If the subject is moving, you will have to limit yourself to a fast shutter speed, increase the ISO and put up with the inevitable graininess.
On flagship phones that have manual iris control, open it as wide as possible. So the matrix will get a maximum of light.
The wider the aperture, the smaller the number in the settings. For example, the aperture at f/1.8 is opened wider than at f/2.8.
Use a tripod
shooting. For experiments with shutter speed, you need a tripod. With it, you can leave the ISO at a minimum level and set a long exposure.
This technique is used to create bright streaks from car headlights and the effect of milky water when shooting liquids. A tripod also reduces blur and shaking when shooting video. The fixed position of the camera allows you to experiment with composition and framing, giving you time to find an interesting arrangement of objects in the frame.
Master the RAW format
Today in RAW only the most cheap smartphones. RAW is an unedited, uncompressed image that retains all of the data captured by the camera's sensor. A RAW file takes up much more memory space than a JPG, but has the advantage of being easier to edit. From the shadows and glare managed to extract more details, white balance and color correction are also configured easier and without loss in quality.
Do not refuse edit
Something to photograph something - it is half an end. An equally important step is to process a snapshot in the editor. For images taken with a lack of illumination, processing is especially important.
Not all Photo edits can work with RAW. Popular and most functional mobile platform applications - Snapseed, Lightroom and Photoshop.
Each application is arranged in its own way, so we cannot give a universal instruction for post-processing night photos, we can only specify the direction in which you should move: Look for functions that Called exposure, lighting or brightness.
At night, most mobile chambers are very poorly determined by the white balance, so it will also be corrected in the editor.
Often, during night survey, you have to use the high ISO value, and in this case the number of noise in the photo increases much. Mobile editors can soften the image and reduce noise. This setting is called "noise reduction", "Color noise" or "brightness".
Buy a phone with a large photomatrice
The more sensor, the better the camera takes pictures at night. That is why photographers switch to expensive full-frame or medium-defect cameras, which use large sensors.
It is possible to argue about how much smartphones approached the quality of photographing to cameras, but the fact remains: in a small thin case it is impossible to accommodate the matrix similar to what is used in mirror and mirror-free cameras. However, some mobile manufacturers find ways to insert sensors there more than competitors.
Huawei P40, Xiaomi series MI 11 Ultra, Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra and Oneplus 9 Pro are equipped with 7 mm sizes diagonally. For night shooting is a very important advantage.
Do not be afraid of darkness. Solve complex tasks - one of the most exciting aspects in the art of photography. The listed tips are only the top of the iceberg. To make a night photo skill, you will have to read dozens of articles and spend a hundred hours with a camera in your hands. Believe me, the result will definitely be!