Technological developments are becoming increasingly important to the world, and some trends are changing our lives right now.
High-tech innovation is growing exponentially. It seems that the world has never moved into the future with such cosmic speed, and this is true. Of course, none of us knows what tomorrow's world will look like, but if we look at what technologies are developing most actively today, the veil of secrecy will be lifted.
1. Artificial intelligence (AI, AI)
Almost all industries and services have come close to the need to introduce AI. At first, machine intelligence acted as a driving force for the creation of new technologies. It was he who contributed to the development of big data, robotics and the Internet of things (IoT). And now we have come to the conclusion that in everyday life every technological device, be it a coffee machine, a peephole or a smartphone, in one way or another needs AI.
There are also areas where AI will definitely dominate other IT development and human resources.
Robotic Process Automation (RPA)
RPA enables organizations to optimize operations by reducing costs and time. There are simple RPA solutions (for example, automatic response to an email request) and complex ones (systems of thousands of bots, each of which is programmed to perform a certain task according to the rules).
A chatbot, or interactive artificial intelligence, is designed to simplify the interaction of a company with a client audience, while maintaining a level of communication close to a human one.
Highly intelligent chat programs are customized according to the needs of each individual organization. Natural language processing (NPL) techniques provide an individual approach.
The more naturally a chatbot communicates with a person, the more expensive it is. Multi-million dollar developments include the familiar virtual assistants Google Assistant, Apple Siri and Amazon Alexa. They have already become a familiar way of interacting with smart electronics. Online stores use chat programs of a more primitive level, but even those help save the company's financial resources by replacing part of the staff.
AI works to improve the efficiency and productivity of large enterprises. This effect is achieved by eliminating the need for manual processing of a large amount of information. Also, artificial intelligence helps to analyze the accumulated experience, open new business ideas and embody them in an affordable form.
AI-based analytical services are already promoting such firms as Open Text Analytics and Qlik Augmented Analytics. Each year, other organizations from related areas of service are beginning to use this or that form of AI.
In fact, this short list of the scope of the future domination is not limited. It would be too long to write about them. The essence is that all services that require recurring actions and work with large data, one way or another will use artificial intelligence. For a complete refusal of human personnel, the organization is unlikely to be solved, but the hybrid cooperation of AI and the person is really today.
2. Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR and AR)
Increased interest in Virtual and Amended Reality - a bright trend of our time.
VR and AR are not the same thing. VR fully immerses the user in a computerized environment, while AR woves the elements of virtuality into the environment. Basically both technologies are applied in computer games. The second is the importance of the scope - education, both both general and highly specialized. One of the examples of the educational VR application is Virtual Ship, the US military training environment.
In the future, both technologies will be even more closely accurate with reality. AR and VR have a huge potential in training, entertainment, self-development, marketing and even medical rehabilitation. They are ideal for teaching doctors to surgical interference, virtual excursions for museums and galleries, thematic parks and real estate. Popular beauty applications for clothing, cosmetics and hairstyles also refer to augmented reality.
Famous brands are engaged in popularizing VR and AR. In 2014, Pepsi has developed an interactive panel for a bus stop. A camera that broadcast the image from the opposite side is mounted in the panel, thanks to which the impression is as if one of the stops stop completely transparent. But if you press one of the buttons, a fantastic plot appears on the panel - monsters, meteorites, UFOs, etc. An unusual infoovod brought Pepsi not only 8 million views on YouTube, but also the favor of new customers.
3. Internet of things (IoT)
The inflation of the Internet of things appeared in the 1980s, but meaningful Establishment level This technology has reached only after a number of innovations in the field of wireless connections. Many devices today have Wi-Fi modules, which means they can connect to the Internet and communicate with each other.
Exchange data via the Internet can not only personal electronics, but also household appliances, cars, clothing, accessories and much more.
The best example of the implementation of the Internet of things in everyday life is a fully automated AMAZON GO store in Seattle. He opened in February 2020 and immediately presented to customers the highest level of self-service. It uses advanced trading technologies that allow you to make purchases without the participation of sellers, managers and other real intermediaries.
IoT develops in many respects due to peripheral calculations. Instead of sending all data in a common cloud, the information is first transmitted to the local storage device or the closest to the IoT device, located on the border of the network.
In the future, the number of IOT devices will only grow. According to the study of the Cisco Analytical Company, at the end of this year there will be 27.1 billion devices with connecting to the worldwide network, and 43% will use mobile networks. On a global scale, it is 3.5 connected devices for each inhabitant of the planet.
4. Digital Health and Telemedicine
The need for remote and non-contact medical advice sharply increased against the background of the Pandemic COVID nineteen. Thus, a jump in the development of online treatment and digital health care has occurred not because of fresh innovations, but by the needs of society.
In the transformation of the healthcare area, artificial intelligence plays an important role. Most patients in developed countries have already been able to interact or hear about any therapeutic form of AI. Today, advanced IT innovations in medicine are a pair-seal robot for patients with dementia, as well as chat bots like Woebot Health, which provide a set of verified therapeutic services to solve mental health problems. Computer vision and machine learning occupy a special place: these technologies have greater perspective for diagnosing diseases.
But changes in medicine occur not only in the field of diagnosis and treatment. Huge work is to ensure the population of all countries affordable medical cards. In this regard, Sweden is closest to the future. There all citizens and temporary residents have a personal identification number, known as the Swedish PIN, which is used to conduct medical records. Access to these data can also receive researchers. For them, digital healthcare portals are an endless data flow for scientific purposes.
Since telemedicine is 100% depends on high technologies, it requires serious protective methods. Cybersecurity is a hot theme of recent years. Organizations of all types, including medical, are forced to take measures against data leaks, cyberak, etc. Costs are huge, but they are fully justified.
5. Distance learning
with the development of computer technologies Education has become available, more than ever. People granted all sorts of courses to improve professional skills and hobbies. And all this in the form of applications, web portals, online universities, communities, digital libraries and other resources, access to which can be obtained from a mobile phone, tablet or PC.
Every year, remote learning is mastered better. His advantages compared to traditional education are as follows.
- availability, regardless of time and place: The most benefits of remote and hard-to-reach regions are most benefited here that cannot be used by full-time learning for problems due to problems With transport.
- Lack of age barriers: Digital education suits people of any age.
- An unlimited number of educational material and the ability to independently control the load: the duration of training depends solely on the interest and motivation of the student.
- Simplicity and convenience: The student is only needed by a gadget with Internet access, and all the necessary materials of the IMG will be in his hands.
- Flexibility and mobility: The student of the waven choose the time, place, the duration of classes, as well as the teacher.
- High efficiency: Training can be carried out by small portions and in entertainment forms. It was for this remote education that schoolchildren and teachers of all countries were so loved.
- Reduced price: This factor is crucial for people who cannot afford full-time spending or regular trips to an educational institution.
- Education for people with disabilities: British online platform The Open University serves most of all students with disabilities than any European University with full-time learning form.
Own site with educational materials has every university of the world. But besides them, there is countless platforms for self-education and self-development.
According to statistics, the market of mass open online courses today costs 5.16 billion dollars. It is predicted that until 2025, its total cost will grow by 32.09% per year. This data is very unequivocally indicated that the distance learning will be all stronger than the traditional, and maybe even completely replace it.
In the future with hope for the best
, not only listed, but many other technologies are developing rapidly. In line with them, our perception of the world is changing. In the future, new models of human behavior will become a new norm, which will move technology and business to new tops.